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Laptop Buying Guide: How to Choose the Right One

13 November 2023

Laptop Buying Guide: How to Choose the Right One

Embarking on the journey to purchase a new laptop can often feel like navigating through a maze of specs and jargon. Whether you’re a digital nomad, a competitive gamer, a creative professional, or simply seeking a reliable device for everyday use, your laptop is a gateway to your goals and a significant investment. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll illuminate the path to finding your ideal laptop, decipher the importance of RAM, processor, storage, and more, so you can make an informed decision that aligns with your needs.

Understanding the Core Components

Processor (CPU): The CPU, serving as the brain of your laptop, dictates its ability to handle complex and numerous tasks simultaneously. More powerful processors, such as the Intel Core i7 or AMD Ryzen 7, not only facilitate smoother multitasking and enhanced performance for demanding software but often include integrated graphics units. These integrated GPUs can handle basic graphical tasks without the need for a separate, dedicated graphics card, making them suitable for everyday use and less intensive applications. However, for more graphically demanding tasks like high-end gaming or professional video editing, a dedicated GPU is recommended.

Graphics Card (GPU): The GPU is essential for tasks requiring high graphical processing, such as gaming, video editing, and 3D rendering. Laptops feature either integrated GPUs for basic tasks or dedicated GPUs with their own VRAM for more demanding applications. When choosing a laptop, consider the GPU's performance level and VRAM, especially if you're into gaming or professional creative work. For a deeper understanding of GPUs and how to choose the right one for your needs, check out our Comprehensive Guide to Graphics Cards.

Storage (SSD/HDD): The choice of storage is crucial as it determines where your data is stored and how quickly it can be accessed. Solid State Drives (SSDs) are known for their speed, reliability, and energy efficiency compared to Hard Disk Drives (HDDs). 

Key Factors to Consider

1. Purpose and Performance:

  • Work: If you're using the laptop for work, especially if it involves software development, graphic design, or video editing, you'll need a powerful processor, ample RAM, and perhaps a dedicated graphics card. Seek out laptops with solid build quality, security features, and ample connectivity options, such as the Lenovo ThinkPad series.
  • Gaming: Gaming laptops require high-performance graphics cards, fast processors, and a screen with a high refresh rate for smooth gameplay. Prioritise a high-performance GPU, like NVIDIA’s GeForce RTX series, a high-refresh-rate display, and ample cooling.
  • Content Creation: For content creation like video editing or graphic design, look for laptops with high-resolution displays, accurate colour representation, and powerful CPUs.A high-resolution display and colour accuracy are crucial, found in laptops like the Dell XPS series with 4K screens.
  • Casual Use: For browsing, streaming, and basic tasks, a mid-range CPU, moderate RAM, and standard display are sufficient.
  • Student Use: Students need a versatile laptop that balances performance with portability. Look for a durable design, long battery life, and sufficient processing power for multitasking. A lightweight laptop with a mid-range CPU and enough RAM (at least 8GB) is ideal for handling research, writing, and online classes. 

2. Portability vs. Power:

  • Portability: If you're always on the go, a lightweight and slim laptop like the ASUS ZenBook is ideal. These laptops are designed for mobility, often featuring longer battery life and efficient processors.
  • Power: For high-demand tasks like gaming or video editing, opt for laptops with more robust processors and graphics capabilities, which might be heavier.

3. Battery Life:

Battery life is essential for those who travel or work remotely. Look for laptops that offer a battery life of at least 8 hours under normal usage. Some ultrabooks and business laptops offer extended battery life, but this can vary based on usage patterns.

4. Display:


  • Full HD (1920x1080): This is the standard resolution for many laptops, offering a good balance between clarity and performance. It's suitable for general use, including browsing, office work, and media consumption.
  • 4K (3840x2160): Provides extremely sharp images with four times the pixels of Full HD. It's ideal for professional photo and video editing, as it allows for finer detail and a larger workspace. However, 4K displays can be more expensive and may reduce battery life due to higher power consumption.
  • Other Resolutions: Other common resolutions include HD (1280x720), which is basic and more common in budget laptops, and QHD (2560x1440), which offers a middle ground between Full HD and 4K.

Refresh Rate:

  • 60Hz: This is the standard refresh rate for most laptops, suitable for everyday tasks like browsing, office work, and watching videos. It provides a stable and clear display for general use.
  • 120Hz/144Hz: These higher refresh rates are commonly found in gaming laptops. They offer a noticeably smoother experience in fast-paced games and can reduce motion blur, enhancing the overall gaming experience.
  • 240Hz and above: Extremely high refresh rates like 240Hz are reserved for high-end gaming laptops. They provide ultra-smooth motion, which can be a significant advantage in competitive gaming, though the difference may be less noticeable to the average user compared to 120Hz or 144Hz displays.

Panel Type

  • IPS (In-Plane Switching): Known for its excellent colour accuracy and wide viewing angles (up to 178 degrees), making it a preferred choice for graphic designers and content creators. IPS panels also generally have better colour consistency and are less prone to colour shift when viewed from different angles.
  • TN (Twisted Nematic): These panels are often found in budget and gaming laptops. They offer faster response times and higher refresh rates but have poorer colour accuracy and viewing angles compared to IPS.
  • OLED (Organic Light Emitting Diode): These panels provide superior colour accuracy, contrast ratios, and true blacks, as each pixel emits its own light. They are ideal for high-end content consumption and professional creative work but are more expensive.

Size: Screen size is a personal preference but also affects portability. Common sizes range from 13 to 17 inches.

  • 13 to 14 inches: These are typically the most portable sizes, balancing usability and convenience. Ideal for business professionals, students, and anyone who needs a laptop on the go.
  • 15 inches: This is a standard size for mainstream laptops, offering a good balance between screen space and portability. Suitable for most users, including those who need a bit more screen for productivity or entertainment.
  • 17 inches and above: Laptops of this size are less portable but provide a larger workspace, making them ideal for gaming, graphic design, and video editing. They often come with more powerful hardware to support demanding tasks.

5. Operating System:

  • Windows: Offers versatility and a wide range of software compatibility. Ideal for gaming, business, and general use.
  • macOS: Known for its seamless integration with Apple's ecosystem, offering a user-friendly interface and robust security.
  • Linux: Preferred for programming and server use, it's customizable and open-source but might lack support for certain software.

6. Budget:

Determine your price range based on your needs. Investing in a higher-end laptop can offer better longevity and performance. However, mid-range laptops can also provide excellent value for most users.

Impact of Laptop Specifications

RAM (Random Access Memory):

  • 8GB RAM: This is generally considered the baseline for modern computing needs. It's sufficient for everyday tasks like browsing, office applications, and basic multitasking. If your usage is primarily web-based or you use applications that aren't memory-intensive, 8GB should serve you well.
  • 16GB RAM and above: Recommended for more intensive tasks like gaming, video editing, 3D rendering, and heavy multitasking. More RAM allows your system to handle more data simultaneously, leading to smoother performance in demanding applications. For gaming, 16GB is often considered a sweet spot, but for professional video editing or 3D work, 32GB or more can be beneficial.


  • Intel Core i5: A solid choice for most users, offering a balance between performance and cost. It's capable of handling everyday tasks and moderate multitasking. For casual gaming or standard office work, an i5 processor is more than adequate.
  • Intel Core i7/i9 or AMD Ryzen 7/9: These are high-performance processors designed for demanding applications and gaming. They offer more cores and threads, which translate to better multitasking, faster rendering, and smoother gaming experiences. They are ideal for power users who run resource-intensive software or for gamers seeking high frame rates and smooth performance.

Storage (SSD/HDD):

  • 256GB SSD: For most users, a 256GB solid-state drive (SSD) offers a good balance between speed and storage capacity. SSDs are significantly faster than traditional hard disk drives (HDDs), which results in quicker system boot times, faster file transfers, and more responsive overall performance. For everyday computing tasks and moderate file storage, a 256GB SSD is a practical choice.
  • 512GB or 1TB SSD: For those who work with large files such as high-resolution videos, extensive databases, or sizable game libraries, a larger SSD is recommended. SSDs not only provide more storage space but also offer improved durability and efficiency over HDDs. They are particularly beneficial for tasks that require quick access to data.
  • Combination of SSD and HDD: Some laptops offer a dual storage solution, combining the speed of an SSD with the larger capacity of an HDD. In this setup, the SSD typically hosts the operating system and frequently used applications, ensuring fast access and responsiveness. Meanwhile, the HDD is used for additional storage needs, such as storing large files, media libraries, and documents. This combination offers a cost-effective way to enjoy the benefits of both technologies.

For a more in-depth comparison between SSDs and HDDs, and to understand which might be better for your specific needs, check out our detailed guide at HDD vs. SSD: Which is Better?


Where to Next?

Choosing the right laptop is a personal decision that should be made based on your unique needs and preferences. By understanding the importance of each specification and how it relates to your daily tasks, you can narrow down the vast market to find the perfect match for your lifestyle.

If you’re also interested in buying a computer, check out our Ultimate Desktop Computer Buying Guide. Whether you’re team laptop or desktop, Mwave’s extensive range ensures that your next purchase will not only meet but exceed your technology needs.

Stay tuned for more expert insights and be sure to check out Mwave's laptop selection to find your next powerhouse or portable companion.


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